新東方國際游學

                        新東方網>長春新東方學校>國內考試>四級>正文

                        2019年6月大學英語四級閱讀200篇第45篇:足球裁判

                        2019-04-30 09:36

                        來源:新東方在線

                        作者:

                          Long after the 1998 World Cup was won, disappointed fans were still cursing the disputed refereeing(裁判)decisions that denied victory to their team. A researcher was appointed to study the performance of some top referees.

                          The researcher organized an experimental tournament(錦標賽)involving four youth teams. Each match lasted an hour, divided into three periods of 20 minutes during which different referees were in charge.

                          Observers noted down the referees’errors, of which there were 61 over the tournament. Converted to a standard match of 90 minutes, each referee made almost 23 mistakes, a remarkably high number.

                          The researcher then studied the videotapes to analyze the matches in detail. Surprisingly, he found that errors were more likely when the referees were close to the incident. When the officials got it right, theywere, on average, 17 meters away from the action. The average distance in the case of errors was12 meters.The research shows the optimum(最佳的)distance is about 20 meters.

                          There also seemed to be an optimum speed. Correct decisions came when the referees were moving at a speed of about 2 meters per second. The average speed for errors was 4 meters per second.

                          If FIFA, football’s international ruling body, wants to improve the standard of refereeing at the next World Cup, it should encourage referees to keep their eyes on the action from a distance, rather than rushing to keep up with the ball, the researcher argues.

                          He also says that FIFA’s insistence that referees should retire at age 45 may be misguided. If keeping upwith the action is not so important, their physical condition is less critical.

                          練習題:

                          Choose correct answers to the question:

                          1. The experiment conducted by the researcher was meant to_______.

                          A. review the decisions of referees at the 1998 World Cup

                          B. analyze the causes of errors made by football referees

                          C. set a standard for football refereeing

                          D. reexamine the rules for football refereeing

                          2. The number of refereeing errors in the experimental matches was _______.

                          A. slightly above average

                          B. higher than in the 1998 World Cup

                          C. quite unexpected

                          D. as high as in a standard match

                          3. The findings of the experiment show that _______.

                          A. errors are more likely when a referee keeps close to the ball

                          B. the farther the referee is from the incident, the fewer the errors

                          C. the more slowly the referee runs, the more likely will errors occur

                          D. errors are less likely when a referee stays in one spot

                          4. The word “officials” (Line 2, Para.4) most probably refers to _______.

                          A. the researchers involved in the experiment

                          B. the inspectors of the football tournament

                          C. the referees of the football tournament

                          D. the observers at the site of the experiment

                          5. What is one of the possible conclusions of the experiment?

                          A. The ideal retirement age for an experienced football referee is 45.

                          B. Age should not be the chief consideration in choosing a football referee.

                          C. A football referee should be as young and energetic as possible.

                          D. An experienced football referee can do well even when in poor physical condition.

                          1.[B] 根據第1段可知,球迷對裁判的裁決不滿意,因此“A researcher was appointed to study the performance of some top referees. 一名研究員被指定對一些高級裁判的場上執法情況進行研究”,再加上文中error一詞頻頻使用,可見,目的是分析裁判誤判的原因,即B。

                          2.[C] 第3段說“在90分鐘的標準賽中,每個裁判幾乎犯23個錯誤,這是一個remarkably high number”, C與之一致。

                          3.[A] 第4段第2句提到,令人驚訝的是,裁判離犯規地點越近,錯判的可能性就越大,A為原文的同義表達,故選A。B項的干擾性比較大,但由下一句可知,正確判斷的平均距離是離犯規處17米。故并非越遠,錯判就越少,故排除B。

                          4.[C] 根據第4段officials出現的上下文可以判斷是指referees,其實這也是全文主題詞.故選C。

                          5.[B] 最后一段提到,如果緊跟著球員跑來跑去顯得不那么重要的話,栽判的身體狀況也就不那么關鍵了。所以它的含義應為B “在選擇足球裁判時,年齡并不是首要考慮的因素"。

                               以上就是本文的全部內容,更多精彩請隨時關注新東方長春學校官網。


                        相關推薦

                        四級資訊

                        四六級課程導航

                        四級課程表

                        四級內容咨詢

                        新東方長春學校官方微信:新東方長春學校 (微信號:ccxdfcn

                        最新考試資訊、考試政策解讀、真題解析,請掃一掃二維碼,關注我們的官方微信!

                        相關推薦

                        • 中學輔導
                        • 大學輔導
                        • 出國輔導
                        • 熱門活動

                        版權及免責聲明

                        凡本網注明"稿件來源:新東方"的所有文字、圖片和音視頻稿件,版權均屬新東方教育科技集團(含本網和新東方網) 所有,任何媒體、網站或個人未經本網協議授權不得轉載、鏈接、轉貼或以其他任何方式復制、發表。已經本網協議授權的媒體、網站,在下載使用時必須注明"稿件來源:新東方",違者本網將依法追究法律責任。

                        本網未注明"稿件來源:新東方"的文/圖等稿件均為轉載稿,本網轉載僅基于傳遞更多信息之目的,并不意味著贊同轉載稿的觀點或證實其內容的真實性。如其他媒體、網站或個人從本網下載使用,必須保留本網注明的"稿件來源",并自負版權等法律責任。如擅自篡改為"稿件來源:新東方",本網將依法追究法律責任。

                        如本網轉載稿涉及版權等問題,請作者見稿后在兩周內速來電與新東方網聯系,電話:010-60908555。

                        新天地时时彩娱乐平台